1 – How can we include enough diverse people and perspectives?

Diversity
You start with diversity and also honor new diversity that shows up.

Privacy Guarantees
Many people need this before they will join an authentic or public conversation.

Universal Participation
This involves using the fact that everyone is already participating to both bring them into conversation and to avoid blaming, since everyone is involved.

Multi-Dimensional Identity – The more we acknowledge the fullness of who people are, the more they will feel respected enough to show up.

Multiple Perspective View – Holding space for diverse people and perspectives involves being able to honor and even occupy all those differences

Safety First, Then Challenge – Make sure people know they are or will be safe, while also giving them a challenge that makes the exercise meaningful.

Equity – Marginalized people can sense when a group or activity is too full of privilege-consciousness for them to show up fully and be heard, so they often won’t even come, or will have to struggle if they do.
Enough Time – If there isn’t enough time, you won’t be able to hear all the voices and there will be pressure to marginalize the strange or difficult ones (which may hold the greatest gifts, if there were time to open them).

Spaces for Dialogue and Collaboration – If there’s no place or time to show up, people won’t show up, especially if it is inconvenient, uncomfortable, or marginal.

Whole System in the Conversation – In most cases you want to involve all those with diverse pieces of the puzzle that you are trying to address.

Sortition – Random selection is a proven method for getting diversity, although some forms of diversity require special forms of sortition to engage.

Microcosms and Populations – The use of microcosms is specifically about convening manageably sized groups that contain the diversity of the larger population you want to engage and then connecting both bodies.

E Pluribus Unum – It can help to periodically point out that even in – and especially thanks to – all our diversity, we are fundamentally one special humanity, one special nation, one special community.

Citizen-Stakeholder Integration – People involved as members of the community and/or as interest parties both have special gifts to offer to deliberations and should be convened in ways that utilize those different gifts well.

Distributed Intelligence – To the extent people can engage while going about their usual lives, we will get more participation and diversity.

Felt Agency – People are more willing – even eager – to participate when they think an activity will actually have some notable impact.