(1) Democracy visionaries, activists, authors, and reformers.
(2) Democratically inclined change agents of all kinds.
(3) Public officials and general citizens frustrated with existing politics, government, and quasi-participatory regimes.
(4) Political science scholars, students, educators, and researchers.
(5) Communities and networks struggling with shared challenges and/or a desire for more public participation.
(6) Dialogue, deliberation, and public participation practitioners and academics who may find in these patterns a different perspective on their work.